Abstract and Keywords
Cognitive therapy is a perspective on social work intervention with individuals, families, and groups that focuses on conscious thought processes as the primary determinants of most emotions and behaviors. It has great appeal to social work practitioners because of its utility in working with many types of clients and problem situations, and its evidence-based support in the literature. Cognitive therapies include sets of strategies focused on education, a restructuring of thought processes, improved coping skills, and increased problem-solving skills for clients.
Keywords: cognitive theory, cognitive therapy, direct social work practice, evidence-based practice, automatic thoughts, causal attributions, cognition, cognitive deficits, cognitive distortions, cognitive coping, cognitive restructuring, problem-solving, schema, Socratic questioning
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