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Updated the definition and description of the term "chronic illness." The bibliography has also been updated to include new sources.

Updated on 03 Sep 2013. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 22 October 2017

Abstract and Keywords

There is a paradigm shift occurring in medicine, from models focused on treating acute illnesses to those concerned with managing chronic conditions. This shift coincides with the higher prevalence of chronic illnesses resulting from factors such as lower mortality from formerly fatal illnesses and an aging population. The chronically ill do not fare well in an acute care model, and as a result, it has become imperative to develop new models effective for these chronic conditions. These new care models will require comprehensive, coordinated case management, an activity in which social workers can play a significant role.

Keywords: chronic illness, phase-based intervention, traumatization, coordination of care, persistent acute illness, aging population, managed care, Fennell Four Phase Treatment Model, comprehensive case management, chronicity

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