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Population data and demographic trends updated. Bibliography expanded and updated to reflect recent research.

Updated on 2 December 2013. The previous version of this content can be found here.

Abstract and Keywords

The rapidly growing older population is more heterogeneous by health and economic status, gender, race, sexual orientation, and family and living arrangements than any other age group. Although many adults face vulnerabilities and inequities as they age, most elders are resilient. This entry reviews this diversity, discusses concepts of productive, successful, and active aging, and suggests leadership roles for social workers in enhancing the well-being of elders and their families.

Keywords: life course, inequities, productive, successful and active aging, resilience

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