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Bibliography expanded and updated to reflect recent research. The sections "Challenges," "Trends" and "Implications for Social Work" updated in light of new guidelines, research, and concepts & practices, respectively. Additional links added.

Updated on 01 Oct 2013. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 27 June 2017

Abstract and Keywords

This entry summarizes the current state of knowledge about the nature of trauma and intervention with trauma reactions. It includes the history of traumatology, demographics, theory, research and best practices, controversies, and current trends as well as diversity issues and international and interdisciplinary perspectives.

Keywords: abuse, acute stress disaster, disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, stress, trauma

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