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Demographics and statistics updated. Citations and bibliography expanded and updated.

Updated on 04 Nov 2013. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 19 August 2017

Abstract and Keywords

In 1996, The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act repealed the 60-year-old national welfare program of Aid to Families with Dependent Children and replaced it with a new cash assistance program, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). This law introduced a new generation of rules and regulations for delivering cash and other assistance to families who are poor, and it fundamentally changed the way the United States assists such families and their children. Opinions regarding the success of TANF and its impact on families vary; welfare caseloads have declined since TANF implementation, but economic self-sufficiency eludes many families.

Keywords: Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), cash assistance, Child Care and Development block grant, The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, TANF, welfare

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