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Updated to reflect recent research especially new developments in the approach of motivational interviewing. Bibliography expanded and updated.

Updated on 01 Sep 2013. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 25 June 2017

Abstract and Keywords

Motivational interviewing (MI) is a collaborative, goal-oriented conversation style designed to strengthen intrinsic motivation for and commitment to change. The spirit of MI includes four elements: partnership, acceptance, compassion, and evocation. MI is often employed as a therapeutic intervention, and it clinical effectiveness is well documented across more than 200 randomized controlled trials. Research has also documented wide variation in MI effectiveness across counselors, studies, and sites within studies.

Keywords: intervention, motivation to change, motivational interviewing, substance abuse

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