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Ageism and Retirement  

Lynn McDonald

Retirement is a modest social institution that appeared in most industrialized nations near the start of the 20th century. The aim of retirement was to solve the societal dilemma of an ... More

Alcohol and Drug Problems: Prevention  

Flavio F. Marsiglia, David Becerra, and Jaime M. Booth

Prevention is a proactive science-based process that aims to strengthen existing protective factors and to diminish or eliminate other factors that put individuals, families, and ... More

Asian Americans: South Asians  

Brij Mohan

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This entry briefly profiles the dynamic fusion, fluidity, and future of South Asians in America. While Diaspora India is emblematic of immigrant culture as a whole, South Asian duality ... More

Attachment Research, Developmental Implications, and Clinical Interventions with Children, Adults, and Couples  

Shoshana Ringel

Online publication date:
May 2015
This review summarizes contributions to attachment theory and research by John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth, Mary Main, and many other researchers. It addresses contributions from the Adult ... More

Bisexuality  

Laura S. Abrams

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This entry explores past and present social-scientific lenses concerning bisexuality. The author traces the rise of a bisexual movement in the 1970s to present times. The entry concludes ... More

Bullying in Youth  

Jonathan Singer and Karen Slovak

Bullying is the most common form of violence in schools and has been shown to disrupt the emotional and social development of both the targets and the perpetrators of bullying (Raskauskas ... More

Chaos Theory and Complexity Theory  

Keith Warren

Chaos theory and complexity theory, collectively known as nonlinear dynamics or dynamical systems theory, provide a mathematical framework for thinking about change over time. Chaos theory ... More

Client Violence  

Christina E. Newhill

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Client violence and workplace safety are relevant issues for all social workers across practice settings. This entry addresses why and how social workers may be targets for a client's ... More

Cognition and Social Cognitive Theory  

Paula S. Nurius

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social cognition refers to the ways in which people “make sense” of themselves, other people, and the world around them. Building on social psychological contributions, this entry ... More

Community Violence  

Neil B. Guterman and Muhammad Haj-Yahia

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Community violence represents a widespread concern receiving increasing attention by social workers. This article considers the problem of community violence and our present understanding ... More

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