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Jill Doner Kagle

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social workers keep records to demonstrate accountability to their agencies, clients, communities, and profession. They also record to enhance practice and support a variety of ... More

Social Policy: Overview  

John M. Herrick

Social policy is how a society responds to social problems. Any government enactment that affects the well-being of people, including laws, regulations, executive orders, and court ... More

Social Policy: History (Colonial Times to 1900)  

Phyllis J. Day

American social welfare began in the colonial period with the adoption of the Elizabethan Poor Laws as the basis for treatment of society's poor and deviant. By the beginning of the ... More

Social Policy: History (1900–1950)  

Iris Carlton-LaNey

This entry traces American social welfare development from the 1890s to 1950. It also includes social work's participation and response to need during two critical times in American ... More

Social Services  

Philip R. Popple

Formal or institutional social services began in the United States in the late 19th century as a response to problems that were rapidly increasing as a result of modernization. These ... More

Social Work Education: Overview  

Kay S. Hoffman

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Education in social work has seen considerable growth over the course of the 20th century. Social work education in the United States began with only a few training programs established in ... More

Social Work Education: Doctoral  

James E. Lubben

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social work doctoral education in the U.S. commenced almost 100 years ago. Although initial growth was slow, the number of universities offering doctoral degrees in social work has rapidly ... More

Social Work Education: Electronic Technologies  

Philip M. Ouellette and David Wilkerson

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The growth in technological advances in recent years has revolutionized the way we teach, learn, and practice social work. Due to increases in educational costs and the need for students ... More

Social Work Education: Field Work  

Gary L. Shaffer

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Field education has played a significant role in the professional development of social workers since the beginning of the last century. Although the apprenticeship model of training ... More

Social Work Education: Human Behavior and Social Environment  

Elizabeth D. Hutchison

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This entry provides a brief history of social work's changing knowledge base about human behavior and identifies the current knowledge base as multidimensional, multispherical, ... More