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Positive Emotion  

Jessica M. Black

Scientific findings from social sciences, neurobiology, endocrinology, and immunology highlight the adaptive benefits of positive emotion and activity to both mental and physical health. ... More

Primary Health Care  

Rebecca S. Ashery

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has injected new life into primary health care by establishing the primary care medical home (PCMH) as a cornerstone of health-care reform ... More

Primary Prevention  

Martin Bloom

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Primary prevention involves coordinated efforts to prevent predictable problems, to protect existing states of health and healthy functioning, and to promote desired goals for individuals ... More

Program Implementation Frameworks  

Rosalyn M. Bertram

This entry presents frameworks for implementing effective services. When service organizations understand and work through implementation frameworks, programs can achieve targeted fidelity ... More

Public Health Social Work  

Betty J. Ruth, Sarah Sisco, and Jamie Wyatt Marshall

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Public health social work is a subdiscipline within social work that uses multifaceted transdisciplinary approaches to promote health equity and mitigate human health problems. Originating ... More

Quality of Care  

Enola Proctor and J. Curtis McMillen

Assessing and improving the quality of social services is one of the most pressing concerns for social work practice and research. Practice in nearly every setting is affected by ... More

Rehabilitation  

David W. Springer and Kathleen A. Casey

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Rehabilitation is a complex, multidimensional approach within health care that uses an interdisciplinary model of specialized services. The comprehensive treatment team generally includes ... More

Reproductive Health  

Marjorie R. Sable and Patricia J. Kelly

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Reproductive health includes family planning, prenatal care, and the broader scope of primary care. Because a woman's health status at conception is as important as prenatal care, genetic ... More

Sex Workers and HIV/AIDS in India  

Sunny Sinha

The risk of HIV infection looms large among male, female, and transgender sex workers in India. Several individual, sociocultural, and structural-environmental factors enhance the risk of ... More

Sleep  

Jessica M. Black

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Sleep is required for healthy and adaptive neurobehavioral and psychosocial functioning throughout the life course. Sleep is restorative, facilitates memory consolidation, improves immune ... More

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