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Income Distribution  

Joel Blau

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Income distribution is defined as both the process of distributing income to individuals and families and as the statistical consequences of that distribution. After examining the ... More

Income Security  

Martha N. Ozawa

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The United States is undergoing tremendous changes in economic conditions and in demographics. However, the concept of income security and income security measures are often the ... More

Indigenous Peoples and Cultural Survival  

Priscilla A. Day

Indigenous people across the globe are struggling for the cultural survival of their families and communities. This article provides an overview of indigenous people across the world and ... More

International Aid, Relief, and Humanitarian Assistance  

Carmen Mónico and Karen Smith Rotabi

International development, humanitarian aid, and relief are at the heart of international social work practice. They have evolved historically and globally; shaped by world markets, social ... More

International Social Welfare: Overview  

James Midgley

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The term “international social welfare” is used to refer both to social welfare policies and programs around the world and to the academic study of international social welfare activities. ... More

International Social Work: Education  

M. C. Terry Hokenstad

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social work education's development and focus around the world reflects the increasing reality of global interdependence in the initial decade of the 21st century. A number of countries ... More

International Volunteer Service  

Benjamin J. Lough

This entry provides a brief historical overview of international volunteer service, along with changes to traditional forms of international service. It presents a general typology for ... More

Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse  

Jill Theresa Messing

Intimate partner violence—the continual and systematic exercise of power and control within an intimate relationship that often also includes physical and sexual violence—has emerged as a ... More

Intimate Partner Violence  

Bonnie E. Carlson

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Intimate partner violence—physical, emotional, or sexual abuse experienced in both heterosexual and same-sex relationships—has emerged as a significant and complex social problem ... More

Juvenile Delinquency  

Carolyn Smith

The following article on juvenile delinquency has three major objectives: First, it defines delinquency and discusses its measurement and extent; second, it reviews theory and risk factor ... More

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