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Social Services  

Philip R. Popple

Formal or institutional social services began in the United States in the late 19th century as a response to problems that were rapidly increasing as a result of modernization. These ... More

Social Welfare Expenditures  

Richard Hoefer

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Understanding both public and private welfare expenditures is necessary to appreciate the full scope of a social welfare system. This entry examines spending in four major areas of social ... More

Social Work and the United Nations  

Robin S. Mama

The profession of social work has a long and rich history of participating in and influencing the work of the United Nations and its affiliate agencies, almost since the inception of the ... More

Social Work Education: Social Welfare Policy  

Ira C. Colby

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The educational imperative to study social welfare policy has remained a constant throughout the history of social-work education. Although specific policies and social issues may change ... More

Social Work Education and Regulation in Australia  

Karen Healy

This article provides an overview and analysis of social work education and professional standards in Australia. The professional education and practice standards are set and monitored by ... More

Social Work Practice: History and Evolution  

John G. McNutt

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social work is a profession that began its life as a call to help the poor, the destitute and the disenfranchised of a rapidly changing social order. It continues today still pursuing that ... More

Social Work Profession: Political Context  

June Gary Hopps and Tony B. Lowe

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The profession addressed a panoply of social problems that grew larger in an ever-expanding geopolitical environment, where social equity or justice was often a remedial value. Social ... More

Special Immigrant Juvenile Status  

Susan Schmidt

Special Immigrant Juvenile Status (SIJS) is an immigration classification that provides a pathway to lawful permanent residency for non-citizen immigrant children in the United States who ... More

Supplemental Security Income  

Shawn A. Cassiman and Sandy Magaña

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This entry provides an overview of the federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, including a discussion of who is eligible for benefits, benefit levels, and program ... More

Sustainable Development  

Dorothy N. Gamble

This entry describes how the viability of long-term human social systems is inextricably linked to human behavior, environmental resources, the health of the biosphere, and human ... More

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