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Social Welfare Expenditures  

Richard Hoefer

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Understanding both public and private welfare expenditures is necessary to appreciate the full scope of a social welfare system. This entry examines spending in four major areas of social ... More

Social Work Practice: History and Evolution  

John G. McNutt

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social work is a profession that began its life as a call to help the poor, the destitute and the disenfranchised of a rapidly changing social order. It continues today still pursuing that ... More

Strategic Planning  

John A. Yankey and Vera Vogelsang-Coombs

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Strategic planning is a key management process in nonprofit organizations and a collaborative methodology for addressing complex community needs. This entry presents an overview of ... More

Sustainable Development  

Dorothy N. Gamble

This entry describes how the viability of long-term human social systems is inextricably linked to human behavior, environmental resources, the health of the biosphere, and human ... More

Task-Centered Practice  

Michael S. Kelly

Task-centered practice is a social work technology designed to help clients and practitioners collaborate on specific, measurable, and achievable goals. It is designed to be brief ... More

Technology: Technology in Macro Practice  

John G. McNutt

Information technology has had a profound effect on social work practice with larger systems. These tools improve traditional practice and allow new forms of practice. This entry reviews ... More

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families  

Catherine K. Lawrence

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
In 1996, The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act repealed the 60-year-old national welfare program of Aid to Families with Dependent Children and replaced it ... More

Urban Practice  

Melvin Delgado

Social work practice is best understood and practiced when taking into account the local context. The urban context of social work practice may share much with suburban and rural contexts ... More

Virtual Communities of Practice  

Mary Pender Greene

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Sociologists and social workers have long been invested in understanding the role of communities in shaping identities and influencing behavior; however, the study of virtual communities ... More

Voter Participation  

Frances Fox-Piven and Lorraine C. Minnite

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Scholars often refer to “American exceptionalism,” meaning that unlike other rich, capitalist democracies, the United States has never had a strong working-class political movement. One ... More

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