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Ageism and Retirement  

Lynn McDonald

Retirement is a modest social institution that appeared in most industrialized nations near the start of the 20th century. The aim of retirement was to solve the societal dilemma of an ... More

Client Violence  

Christina E. Newhill

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Client violence and workplace safety are relevant issues for all social workers across practice settings. This entry addresses why and how social workers may be targets for a client's ... More

Leadership and Leadership Development  

James Woolever and Jim Kelly

Online publication date:
May 2014
The study of leadership has a long history in disciplines outside of social work. Theorists have struggled with a myriad of definitions of leadership, as well as trait, behavioral, and ... More

Leadership, Foundations of  

Darlyne Bailey, Katrina M. Uhly, and Jessica Schaffner Wilen

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The concept of leadership has evolved from focusing on innate abilities, to learned skills, to recognition that leadership is composed of both skills and abilities. Recently, theorists and ... More

Racism  

Selena T. Rodgers

Racism is pervasive, endemic, and historically rooted in systematic assumptions inherent in superiority based on race and requires the critical attention of all social workers. The ... More

Social Work Education: Human Behavior and Social Environment  

Elizabeth D. Hutchison

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This entry provides a brief history of social work's changing knowledge base about human behavior and identifies the current knowledge base as multidimensional, multispherical, ... More

Social Work Practice: Theoretical Base  

Jerry Floersch

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This essay broadly examines theory, practice, and the role of theory in practice. Theory has an abstract and philosophical side and a concrete, empirical, or practice side. Theories need ... More

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