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Ageism and Retirement  

Lynn McDonald

Retirement is a modest social institution that appeared in most industrialized nations near the start of the 20th century. The aim of retirement was to solve the societal dilemma of an ... More

Charitable Foundations  

Helmut K. Anheier and Marcus Lam

Foundations are private institutions for public benefit. With a long history that reaches back to antiquity, foundations are experiencing a renaissance and increased attention paid to them ... More

Child Care Services  

Laura Lein

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Child care services, enabling parents to commit themselves to paid employment while providing a supervised environment for their children, have a long and complex history in the United ... More

Contexts/Settings: Private/Independent Practice Settings  

Sandra A. Lopez

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Private independent practice (known historically as private practice) is a growing segment of the social work profession. Social workers entering this context are providing a range of ... More

Fundraising for Human-Services Nonprofits  

Kirsten A. Grønbjerg

Of the 1.6 million tax-exempt organizations registered with the IRS as of March 2012, about one-fourth are human service nonprofits, including some 254,100 charities with about $134.5 ... More

International Social Welfare: Organizations and Activities  

Doreen Elliott

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The major international governmental and nongovernmental organizations and their activities are discussed with reference to their global co-coordinating, advocacy, service, and research ... More

Leadership and Leadership Development  

James Woolever and Jim Kelly

Online publication date:
May 2014
The study of leadership has a long history in disciplines outside of social work. Theorists have struggled with a myriad of definitions of leadership, as well as trait, behavioral, and ... More

Leadership, Foundations of  

Darlyne Bailey, Katrina M. Uhly, and Jessica Schaffner Wilen

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The concept of leadership has evolved from focusing on innate abilities, to learned skills, to recognition that leadership is composed of both skills and abilities. Recently, theorists and ... More

Macro Practice Competencies  

Dorothy N. Gamble and Tracy M. Soska

Online publication date:
Oct 2013
“Macro practice” is identified as social work with communities, organizations, and inter- and intra-organizational groups engaged in progressive maintenance or change strategies. Social ... More

Management: Human Resources  

Michàlle E. Mor Barak and Dnika Jones Travis

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social work organizations depend on a well-trained and responsive workforce to provide quality services. Human resource management (HRM) refers to the design of formal systems that ensure ... More

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