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Advance Care Planning  

Meredith Stensland, Sara Sanders, and Marla Berg-Weger

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Advance care planning (ACP) is the process of determining and documenting desired wishes for the end of one’s life. Referred to by such terms as end-of-life planning, advance ... More

Affordable Care Act  

Stephen H. Gorin, Julie S. Darnell, and Heidi L. Allen

Online publication date:
Dec 2014
This entry describes the development and key provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), which instituted a major overhaul of the U.S. health system, much of which ... More

Aging: Public Policy  

Jeanette C. Takamura

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Public policy advances in the field of aging in the United States have lagged compared to the growth of the older adult population. Policy adjustments have been driven by ideological ... More

Food (In)Security  

Maryah Stella Fram

This entry provides an overview of current knowledge and thinking about the nature, causes, and consequences of food insecurity as well as information about the major policies and programs ... More

Global Health  

Toba Schwaber Kerson and Jessica Euna Lee

Within its 150-year history, public health has grown from a focus on local communities to include countrywide, then international, and now global perspectives. Using the United Nations’ ... More

Health Care Reform  

Stephen H. Gorin and Terry Mizrahi

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This entry presents an overview of national health-care reform in the United States, from its introduction into the public policy agenda at the turn of the 20th century through policy ... More

HIV/AIDS and People of Color  

Michele Rountree and Courtney McElhaney Peebles

Communities of color are disproportionately burdened by the prevalence of HIV/AIDS. Research has shown that race and ethnicity in the United States are population characteristics that ... More

Managed Care  

Vikki L. Vandiver

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Since the mid-1980s, managed care has been one approach used to address the economic crisis in the American health-care system. This entry overviews managed care from the perspective of ... More

Medicaid and Medicare  

Victoria M. Rizzo

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
In 1965, Titles XVIII and XIX of the Social Security Act were passed creating Medicare and Medicaid and laying the foundation for U.S. health policy. Medicare was originally created to ... More

Military Social Work  

Jesse J. Harris, Col. USA Ret. and Kyle L. Pehrson, Col. USA Ret.

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The history of military social work in the United States is rooted in the civilian professional social work community and is a microcosm of that sector. Military social work has a rich ... More

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