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Adolescents: Pregnancy  

Kathleen A. Rounds and Traci L. Wike

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Although rates of adolescent pregnancy have exhibited a downward trend since 1991, the United States continues to have a significantly higher rate than other industrialized nations. ... More

Adoption: Intercountry  

Karen Smith Rotabi

The practice of intercountry adoption is considered from a historical framework, beginning with World War II to other conflicts and the global dynamics of child circulation for adoption. ... More

Adoption: Lesbian and Gay Adoptive Parents  

Abbie E. Goldberg and April Moyer

Online publication date:
Feb 2014
Adoption by lesbian and gay parents is becomingly increasingly common. This entry presents an overview of the limited research that has focused on lesbian and gay adoptive parents. ... More

African Americans: Practice Interventions  

Sharon E. Moore

African Americans number about 35 million or 12% of the U.S. population. Their life expectancy is lower than that of White Americans, and despite the educational gains made since ... More

Child Care Services  

Laura Lein

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Child care services, enabling parents to commit themselves to paid employment while providing a supervised environment for their children, have a long and complex history in the United ... More

Child Support  

Delanie P. Pope and Joseph Kozakiewicz

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Child support is the legal mechanism requiring parents to share in the economic support of their children. Under the law, parents are obligated to support their children regardless of ... More

Child Abuse and Neglect  

Susan J. Wells and Geoff Johnson

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The true extent of child abuse and neglect is unknown but reports to state agencies indicate over 3 million reports concerning maltreatment of over 6 million children are made each year. ... More

Divorce  

Karen Kayser and Jessica K. M. Johnson

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This entry presents the demographic trends of divorce and the social changes that have impacted the divorce rate. A cultural perspective of divorce is provided by analyzing divorce in the ... More

Early Childhood Home Visiting  

Melissa Lim Brodowski, Jacqueline Counts, and Aislinn Conrad-Hiebner

This chapter provides an overview of early-childhood home-visiting programs and offers a brief summary of the research, policy, and practice issues. The first section defines home visiting ... More

Family Estrangement  

Kylie Agllias

Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Family estrangement—a concept similar to emotional cutoff in Bowen family systems theory—is the unsatisfactory physical or emotional distancing between at least two family members. It is ... More

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